Waterborne Transport

The history of waterborne transport is ancient and can be dated back to millenniums ago. In recent times, this transportation method is facing a new popularity and increase, due to the global trade and continuously increasing need of networks and connections between overseas countries.

Waterborne transport and operations result now a key for Europe´s development and future. Indeed, Europe is a maritime power, and new regulations have been implemented and waterborne transport will continue to be object of international policy actions.

NTU has more than ten years experience within the field. We have conducted a number of projects, offering multidisciplinary solutions, ranging from the expansion and modernization of ports to decisions on matters related to maritime safety and security. We are specialists in the upgrading of port operations, the development of maritime transport corridors such as the Motorways of the Sea initiative, protection of the marine environment, work conditions at sea, VIMSAS audits and safe and secure sea transport.

Programme Management Support for the Expansion and Modernisation of the Port of Frederikshavn (2014-2018)

Denmark
Port Authority/ INEA

The overall objective of the program is to enhance the Port of Frederikshavn’s positioning on the Comprehensive TEN-T Core Network as well as its regional standing as to become a key maritime hub in Northern Europe, thus furthering the development of Motorways of the Sea Corridors in Europe. The purpose of the NTU’s assignment is to assist the Port of Frederikshavn in developing and implementing an ambitious investment program “Nordic Maritime Hub - Linking Northern Denmark to Core Network Corridors and Motorways of the Sea”, amounting over 100 MEUR, co-financed by European Commission - INEA Innovation and Networks Executing Agency (2014-EU-TA-0314-W).

Activities include:

  • Preparation of Strategic Development Plan and the Investment Programme for port expansion and modernisation;
  • Assessment of financing options, preparation of the financing plan and a funding application under TEN-T Call 2014, including preliminary technical and feasibility studies, cost-benefit analysis, environmental studies, etc. (EU TEN-T co-financing was successfully obtained);
  • Program Management Support for the implementation of the investment program including procurement and management of the works, supplies and services for upgrades of infrastructure, superstructures and additional space for inland expansion;
  • Support with opening up new markets such as servicing of the offshore industry and creating reception facilities for oil and other waste products by developing wharf facilities and hinterland areas that accommodate this;
  • Creation of new opportunities for cooperation and reinforcement of the maritime linkages with other ports in the region (such as the Port of Gothenburg) and along the Northern Europe Motorways of the Sea.

Achieved Results:

NTU contributed to increasing the relevance of the Port of Frederikshavn in the Trans-European Networks and becoming an important hub in the Motorways of the Sea of Northern corridors in Europe.

TRACECA Maritime Safety and Security II (2013-2016)

Eastern Europe (non-EU) and Central Asia
European Commission

The overall objective of the project was to make shipping in the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea safer, more secure and environment friendly. NTU supported the achivement of the specific objective of the project that was further ratification and implementation of international maritime safety and security conventions as well as improving the level of quality and coordination of maritime administrations in the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea partner countries (Direct beneficiary Countries included Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan as well as Bulgaria and Romania as indirect beneficiaries)

The technical assistance activities carried out by NTU included:

  • Support with monitoring of the national flag performance and provision of dedicated assistance to maritime administrations to overcome the impediments identified by the Voluntary IMO Member State Audit Scheme (VIMSAS);
  • Strengthening of Port State control capacity both in terms of procedures and training of Port State control officers;
  • Enhancing the regional cooperation in the field of vessel traffic monitoring and reporting in order to improve maritime safety and reduce maritime pollution;
  • Reduction of illegal waste disposal, pollution and emissions related to maritime transport.
  • Increasing the qualifications of maritime personnel;
  • Maintaining a secure shipping environment by proper implementation of the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Regulations;

Dissemination of the project results through organisation of over 50 missions and events in beneficiary countries, including regional and national workshops, seminars and trainings, bilateral and multilateral meetings, technical work group meetings and consultations, mock audits and grants (attending by more than 600 participants).

Achieved Results:

NTU’s technical assistance contributed to the strengthening of the regional coordination between the EU and partner countries, and the countries themselves, in the framework of the TRACECA maritime safety and security and the improvement of the performance of the beneficiary countries on the Paris Memorandum Black and Grey lists for a better secured ship and port facilities and enforcement of related measures.

Support to the Egyptian River Transport Authority for the establishment of an updated Database System (2012-2013)

Egypt
European Commission                                                                                                                                       

The overall objective of the project was to contribute to Egypt’s economic and social development by enhancing an integrated multimodal freight transport system and increase operational capacity at River Transport Authority (RTA).  NTU supported the achievement of the specific objective of the project that was to enable improved information availability in the River Transport Authority in order to communicate and effectively link with Ministry of Transport and other stakeholders including Customs, through the establishment or upgrading of a new state of the art waterways transport information system.

Activities carried out by NTU include:

  • Phase 1: A scoping study to identify the needs and the functionalities of the system and the optimum structure and output of the software application;
  • Phase 2: Detailed design of the system and the specifications of the database program covering structure, input and output sheets with the identified data fields; Support in collecting data from barges transporting freight on the River Nile in order to enable analysis and report generation from the Database System; Support in developing data collection methods and compiling all existing data;
  • Phase 3: Setting up the software application to enable RTA to process updated information for its operations and management planning and monitoring; and Detailing of the implementation phase and the required support in terms of training.

Achieved Results:

NTU supported River Transport Authority in its endeavor to accelerate the development of river freight transport as well as increase its operational capacity thus fostering the development of integrated multimodal freight transport system in Egypt.

Assessment Study of Tanzania’s Ports in the Regional Economic Environment (2012)

Tanzania
European Commission

The overall objective of the project was to improve connectivity of the African countries to regional and global markets with the aim to boost trade and contribute to the economic development process of the entire region. The purpose of the NTU’s assignment was to critically examine the key challenges facing Tanzania’s ports and logistics infrastructure and to assess the collective implications of these for trade in the East African regions served by the Tanzanian ports in order to inform policy debate on development of appropriate maritime transport strategies.

The study completed by NTU covered:

  • A thorough assessment of the geographical situation of Tanzania’s ports in the wider economic environment and the role they can play in the economic development of an area or region.
  • Contextualizing Tanzania’s Ports and Logistics Challenges in a changing global environment
  • Evolution of Tanzania’s Ports and Logistics in a more and more competitive world markets
  • Considerations for Alternative Ports and Logistics Management Structures/Models, including public-private partnership for increasing the operational efficiency
  • Financial Implications of Ports and Logistics Reforms
  • Regulatory Issues affecting the maritime transport sector and ports operations
  • Policy Recommendations on maritime transport strategy development

Achieved Results:

NTU developed a set of strategy recommendations to enhance the competitiveness of Tanzanian ports and improve connectivity of African countries to regional and global markets.

Development of the Maritime Transport Cluster (MTC) Concept (2011-2012)

North Sea Region Countries
European Commission/ERDF

The overall objective of the project, funded by the Interreg IVB North Sea Region Programme, was to support development of a common North Sea Region transport policy in the context of future EU cohesion and transport policy developments. The purpose of the NTU’s assignment was to provide a coordinated and comprehensive approach on the hot topics for maritime transport in the North Sea Region and to present concrete policy recommendations for the Members of the European Parliament, the European Commission and the countries in the North Sea Region (EU Member States and Norway).

NTU supported development and application of the cluster concept for formulation of future maritime transport sector encompassing:

  • Establishing an MTC network covering all NSR transport initiatives as a platform for discussions and exchange of experience.
  • Identifying synergies and bridge building between the NSR project results and consolidating these into knowledge clusters to feed future policy developments
  • Matching past and existing programme outcomes and business trends and streaming them to policy development.
  • Policy analysis on a number of themes including: A Leading Maritime Region; Efficient Transport; Smart Solutions; Combining the Modes; Infrastructure; Planning the North Sea Region; Green Maritime Transport; Research and Knowledge Management; Working in the Transport Sector and Maritime Business Perspectives.
  • Formulating practical policy recommendations and strategies to contribute to the future EU maritime transport policy developments.

Achieved Results:

NTU contributed to the development of Maritime Transport Cluster (MTC), which became an important vehicle for bridge building between results obtained from past and ongoing initiatives in the maritime transport and new business trends from the maritime industry to feed into the EU transport policy development.

Feasibility Study for the Mediterranean Sea Maritime Development Cooperation (2011)

Mediterranean region
European Commission

The overall objective of the project was to improve the integration of maritime transport policies in the Mediterranean Sea region through the dissemination of investment best practices and development of a common cooperation platform between the European Investment Bank (EIB), the European Commission (EC) and the International Maritime Organisation (IMO). The specific objective of the Mediterranean Sea Maritime Development Cooperation Project was to find ways to balance the need for using the economic potential of the Mediterranean Sea with the growing pressure on the marine ecosystem by bridging the fragmentation across the range of maritime actors. The purpose for the NTU’s assignment was to develop a feasibility study to identify the key issues and integrate innovative solutions into a single proposal to support financing for the success of the Mediterranean Sea Maritime Development Cooperation project.

The Feasibility Study prepared by NTU covered the following topics:

  • Social aspects and notably training: According to its long-standing maritime history, the Mediterranean Basin should be the right place for encouraging blue jobs and blue growth. In this context, the promotion of employment for seafarers and fishermen should be a first important step for the Mediterranean Countries. As far as seafarers are concerned, the study focused on the attractiveness of seafaring careers and explored how to enhance the status of seafaring careers both in the shipping and in the fishing industry. The study also examined the feasibility of a network of Mediterranean Maritime academies to add value to training standards to meet IMO requirements and to have internationally recognized qualifications of seafarers.
  • Maritime surveillance & safety: The intense maritime activity is a risk factor for possible accidental pollution, which could heavily harm the fragile eco-systems and the local economies. Due to the unavailability in some countries of adequate port reception facilities for ship-generated wastes, this intense traffic is also responsible for the high level of illicit discharges from ships. Illegal immigration and drug trafficking are additional causes for concern. Integrated surveillance of maritime activities and operations is required to manage successfully seaborne activities. The study explored how to improve the implementation of international as well as European or national regulations and foster the maritime industry both in providing a more secured environment and in developing the specific necessary maritime instruments.
  • Investment in maritime infrastructure: Mediterranean Countries have different institutional and legal frameworks to finance transport infrastructure, from full government dependence over total dependence on international financial assistance, to private participation. Different expert forums have highlighted the need to support the development of private participation in the Mediterranean countries but the ability to attract private sector financing in the transport sector remains low. The study in particular focused on identifying factors that prevent the private sector from further participation in the financing of maritime infrastructure projects and as well as on funding of port reception facilities.

Achieved Results

NTU’s feasibility study contributed to the better integration of maritime policies and dissemination of investment best practices in the Mediterranean region, including exploring new solutions for the optimal combination of financial mechanisms to increase the efficiency and efficacy of the existing financial resources and promotion of private sector involvement and investment.

Economic, Financial and Sectorial Study of the Leava Port, Territory of Wallis & Futuna (2012)

Wallis and Futuna
European Commission

The overall objective of the project was to support the sustainable economic development of the territory of Wallis & Futuna through improvement of maritime transport links and shipping lines. NTU supported the achievement of the specific objective of the project that was to increase the shipping services capacity of Futuna through the development of the Leava platform.

Activities carried out by NTU covered:

  • Sectorial study on the maritime transport, including collection of objective, verifiable and reliable data from a technical, economic and social point of view;
  • Analysis of the transport legal and regulatory framework in the region, and the status of existing contracts, taxes and transport charges,
  • Assets inventory analysis
  • Economic and financial study, including Cost-Benefit Analysis, cash-flow analysis etc.

Achieved Results:

NTU developed a well-documented engineering and socio-economic analysis allowing the main decision makers to agree on project financing, which supported the enhancement of the shipping services capacity in the territory of Wallis & Futuna.

Preparation of Tender Dossiers for Works in Navigable Waterways in Congo (2009)

Congo
European Commission/EDF

The overall objective of the project was to contribute to the economic development and regional integration of Congo through the development of multimodal transport networks. NTU supported the achievement of the specific objective of the project that was to improve the navigable waterways in Congo through the construction of hydraulic structures at the entrance to the Mbamou canal.

Activities carried out by NTU included:

  • Site investigation and confirmation of the location and definition of the most suitable type of hydraulic works for reversing the dynamic flows and bringing them closer to the quays of the port of Brazzaville
  • Preparation of a proportional investment scheme and budgets required for realising the works
  • Preparation of the Tender Dossiers for the Hydraulic Works, Quality Control and Works Supervision Services under the EC’s 10th EDF procedures
  • Preparation of the Project Identification Fiche for presenting the project and investment scheme to the EC for subsequent examination, approval and eventual financing.

Achieved Results:

NTU contributed to the improvement of navigable water ways and further development of multimodal transport networks in Congo by developing an economically viable investment scheme as well as the tender documentation to enable immediate implementation of the project.

Support to the Development of the Project "Motorways of the Sea” for Black Sea and Caspian Sea (2007-2008)

Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Romania, Turkey, Turkmenistan
European Commission

The overall objective of the project was to develop a transport corridor on the West - East axis from Europe across the Black Sea through the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea to Central Asia. NTU supported the achievement of the specific objective of the project that was to develop efficient connections of maritime transport with other modes in the region thus enhancing the intermodal transport along the corridor.

NTU provided the following services:

  • Review of EC strategy documents in the field of transport, including the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), the conclusions of the High-Level Group on the extension of the Trans-European Networks (TENs) to neighbouring countries, the EC initiative on the Motorways of the Sea, etc.;
  • Undertake field missions to the beneficiary countries to identify the projects' priorities and provide an analysis of the context and needs of various project components;
  • Developed a detailed stakeholders' analysis based on consultations with European Commission, EC Delegations and Europa House, TRACECA Permanent Secretariat and TRACECA National Secretaries, International Financial Institutions, TRACECA ongoing projects, etc.
  • Prepare the Terms of Reference for the project "Motorways of the Sea for the Black Sea and Caspian Sea", which provides a basis for detailed planning for the development of the Motorways of the Sea in the Black Sea and Caspian Sea region.

Achieved Results:

NTU facilitated further development of the Motorways of the Sea concept to improve the intermodal transport in the Black Sea and Caspian Sea region.